The Spanish imposed the encomienda system in the areas they controlled. … In reality, the encomienda system exploited native workers. It was eventually replaced by another colonial labor system, the repartimiento, which required Indian towns to supply a pool of labor for Spanish overlords.
How did Spain establish their colonies?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.
How did the Spanish control their colonies?
In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. todemand labor or taxes from Native Americans. The Spanish forced Native Americans to work in the gold and silver mines.
Why were the Spanish able to establish a territorial empire in the New World?
Colonial expansion under the Spanish Empire was initiated by the Spanish conquistadors and developed by the Monarchy of Spain through its administrators and missionaries. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions.
Why did the Spanish want to colonize the Americas?
Spain was driven by three main motivations. Columbus, in his voyage, sought fame and fortune, as did his Spanish sponsors. … Spain soon grew rich from ample deposits of gold and silver in Mexico, Central America, and South America. In addition to the quest for gold, however, Spain sought to spread Christianity.
How did the Spanish gain maintain and consolidate power in the Spanish colonies?
How did the Spanish use absolutism to gain, consolidate, and maintain and or distribute power? enforced royal laws/decrees, administrative court.
How did Spain benefit from the conquest and colonization of the Americas?
Spain gained goods from America such as gold and silver, and they also used Native Americans to farm for them. How did Spain benefit from the conquest and colonization of the Americas? The encomienda system was a system of forced labor. … When the encomienda system was ended, the slavery of Indians was also prohibited.
How did the Spanish treat the natives in the New World?
What was the Spanish treatment of Native Americans? The Spanish treated the natives very violently. They had taken natives as slaves and murdered those who were not of use.
How did the Spanish invasion Transform the Americas?
Catholic missionaries followed the conquistadors to convert the Indians to Christianity. Although the Spanish conquerors cruelly exploited the Indians as laborers, intermarriage between the groups soon led to the creation of a new culture blending Spanish and Indian elements.
Who did the Spanish colonize?
From 1492 to the 1800s, Spanish explorers were the bullies of the New World. Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.