Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture—part Spanish, part Indian, and, in some areas, part African. The Spanish justified their claim to land in the New World through all of the following EXCEPT: … believing that their culture was superior to that of the Indians.
How did the Spanish justify their colonization?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
What were the 3 reasons why the Spanish came to the New World?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
How did the Spanish justify their treatment of the natives?
The Spanish attitude toward the Indians was that they saw themselves as guardians of the Indians basic rights. The Spanish goal was for the peaceful submission of the Indians. The laws of Spain controlled the conduct of soldiers during wars, even when the tribes were hostile.
What did Spain bring to the New World?
3 Crops and Livestock
Crops the conquistadors brought include sugarcane, rice and wheat. When Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519, he had 16 horses. … Other animals the Spaniards introduced included pigs, goats, sheep, chickens, cats, cattle, donkeys, bees and new dog species.
Was the Spanish conquest justified?
The colonization of the New World by European adventurers was “justified” at the time on spiritual and religious grounds. In the conquest of the Americas, the Christian duty to evangelize nonbelievers took the form of conversion of Indians and other pagans at the hands of Roman Catholic priests.
What are the reasons of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What are two reasons the Spanish settled in the Caribbean?
The Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of wealth. The Spanish had originally looked for gold and silver, but there was little to be found. Instead, the Europeans tried growing different crops to be sold back home.
What two reasons did the Spanish have for deciding not to focus on the northern borderlands?
The Spanish wanted gold and a Mythical “Fountain of Youth” and found none of them so they did not focus on the northern borderlands.
How did the Spanish treat the Tainos?
In Haiti and the Dominican Republic (which they name Hispaniola), Spanish colonists force Taino people into slave labor, mutilate them, or kill them.
How did the Spanish treat the people conquered?
How did the Spanish treat the peoples they conquered? Badly, forced them into “encomienda” made natives farm, ranch, or mine for Spanish landlords. What was unique about the Spanish colonization of the lands of New Mexico? What was the long-term consequence of abolishing encomienda?
What impact did Spanish colonization have on the indigenous peoples of the Americas?
“The destruction, dismantling, and dispersion of the missionized California Indians was further exacerbated by the genocide, kidnapping, and legalized servitude of Indians by European Americans.
Who initially brought Spanish to the New World?
Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.
How did the Spanish conquest impact the environment of the New World?
Overview. Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.
What was brought to the New World?
Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World. The process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic is known as the Columbian Exchange.