conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”) plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.
What are Spanish adventurers and explorers called?
During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, colonizing and exploiting territory and opening trade routes. They brought colonialism to much of the world for Spain and Portugal in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.
Why were Spanish explorers called conquistadors?
The Spanish Conquistadors were some of the first men to travel to the new world. They got their name from being both conquerors and explorers. They were mostly in search of gold and treasure. Cortes was one of the first Conquistadors.
What is the Spanish exploration?
19.2. 3: Spanish Exploration
The voyages of Christopher Columbus initiated the European exploration and colonization of the American continents that eventually turned Spain into the most powerful European empire.
Who were 3 Spanish explorers?
Some of the most famous explorers are Juan Ponce de León, Ferdinand Magellan, Hernando Cortés, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, and Hernando de Soto. Each one of these explorers played and important role in the colonizing and exploration of the Americas.
What Spanish explorer discovered the Americas?
Soon after Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas in 1492, the Spanish began to hear stories of civilizations with immense riches. Hoping to claim this wealth and territory for Spain and themselves, conquistadors, or “conquerors,” sailed across the Atlantic Ocean.
How were conquistadors and Spanish missionaries similar?
Compare and Contrast New France and New Spain. … How were the conquistadors and the Spanish missionaries similar? They both brought Spanish influence and made conquests. Why was the presence of families such a crucial factor in the success of a settlement?
What is the difference between an explorer and a conquistador?
An explorer goes to a new land to see what it is like and what is in it. A conquistador goes to a new land to defeat its rulers and politically and militarily take it over.
What is the name given by the Spanish conquistadors when they first saw the mountain ranges?
Cordillera is a name given by the Spanish Conquistadors when they first saw the mountain ranges. Meaning “knotted rope”, the Spanish term refers to the jumbled rolls and dips of this long-range traversing the northern part of Luzon Island.
How did the Spanish conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.
What was Spain’s motivation for exploration?
The Spanish Empire
The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. The Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de Leon was an early invader of the Americas, traveling to the New World on Columbus’ second voyage.
Why did the Spanish explore?
Spain’s motives for colonization were threefold: to locate mineral wealth, convert the Indians to Christianity, and counter French and English efforts. The Spanish colonization system was highly successful. First, an armed force subdued the natives and established forts, or presidios, for future protection.
Why is the Spanish exploration important?
SPANISH EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST. The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America. Thousands of Spaniards flocked to the Americas seeking wealth and status.