In Spain, the Republican defenders of Madrid raise the white flag over the city, bringing to an end the bloody three-year Spanish Civil War. In 1931, Spanish King Alfonso XIII approved elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor of a liberal republic.
What was the outcome of the Spanish Revolution?
Spanish Revolution of 1936
|Methods||Work place collectivization; political assassination|
|Resulted in||Suppressed after ten-month period.|
How did Franco win the Spanish Civil War?
The general and dictator Francisco Franco (1892-1975) ruled over Spain from 1939 until his death. He rose to power during the bloody Spanish Civil War when, with the help of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, his Nationalist forces overthrew the democratically elected Second Republic.
What were the causes and results of the Spanish Civil War?
The Spanish Civil War was caused by many factors, including major socio-economic problems, such as poverty and inequality. However, the main cause was all sides’ failure to compromise and to respect the rights and opinions of others.
Why did the Spanish Republic lose the Civil War?
The majority of the Spanish army and security forces had sided with the military coup that came to be led by General Franco, and so the Republican government lacked a fighting force to stop the Rebel advance. … This was no mean feat, given all but around 2,000 of Spain’s professional officers had defected to the Rebels.
What was the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War?
The Spanish Civil War was followed by a long uncivil peace. The official end of the war on 1 April 1939 did not end the violence. Thus began a new period of mass executions, prison and torture for thousands of men and women.
What was important about the Spanish Civil War?
Key Facts. The Spanish Civil War (1936–39) was the bloodiest conflict western Europe had experienced since the end of World War I in 1918. It was the breeding ground for mass atrocities. About 200,000 people died as the result of systematic killings, mob violence, torture, or other brutalities.
Did the US support Franco?
The United States signed the pact with Spain during the first year of the Eisenhower administration. In exchange for the bases, Franco received military assistance, some economic support and, most important, the implied moral backing of the United States. The clandestine democratic opposition in Spain was in despair.
Who did Stalin support in the Spanish Civil War?
The governments of the Soviet Union and, to a lesser extent, France and Mexico, aided the Republicans, also called Loyalists, of the Second Spanish Republic. The aid came even after all the European powers had signed a Non-Intervention Agreement in 1936.
What did Franco do to Spain?
Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.
What was the result of the civil war in Spain quizlet?
The Outcome of the war: The rebel victory began a dictatorship which lasted until Franco’s death in 1975. Spain then made a bloodless transition to democracy with a new constitution adopted in 1978. It is now a member of the European Union and the fifth-largest economy in the 27-nation bloc.
What was the most significant cause of the Spanish war?
The immediate cause of the Spanish-American War was Cuba’s struggle for independence from Spain. … U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph The mysterious destruction of the U.S. battleship Maine in the Cuban harbor of Havana on February 15, 1898, led to a declaration of war against Spain two months later.
What were the effects of the Spanish-American War?
The major effects that stemmed from the war were that Cuba gained their independence from Spain, the United States gained Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsed. Cuba had been fighting for its independence from Spain for many years before the start of the Spanish-American War.
What advantages did Nationalists have over Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
What advantages did Nationalists have over Republicans in the Spanish Civil War? Nationalists were led by the military and had a well-trained professional army.
Could the republic have won the Spanish Civil War?
A Spanish Republic victorious in the Civil War would likely have remained, at least unofficially, at war with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy – Franco’s key supporters. The Republic would also have harboured a desire for revenge.
Which side did George Orwell fight for in the Spanish Civil War?
Homage to Catalonia is George Orwell’s personal account of his experiences and observations fighting in the Spanish Civil War for the POUM militia of the Republican army.