What factors contributed to the Spanish defeat of the Aztecs?

Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The Spanish colonizers defeated the Aztec Empire through more advanced weaponry, the introduction of European diseases, and creating alliances with smaller indigenous tribes in the region who had been resentfully living under the forced rule of the Aztec Empire.

What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec quizlet?

What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec? Superior weapons, aid of some groups of natives, European diseases that killed many natives who had no immunity to them.

Why did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

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What are the two most important factors that contributed to the collapse of the Aztec and Inca empires?

Decline of the Aztec Empire

  • Arrival of the Conquistadors. Hernán Cortés meeting Montezuma II. …
  • Political Crises. The Aztec Empire grew as it conquered neighboring states, but that growth came at a cost. …
  • Disease. When the Spanish arrived, they brought with them smallpox. …
  • Technological Disadvantages. …
  • Siege of Tenochtitlán.

How did the Spanish explorers defeat the Aztec quizlet?

How did the Spanish conquer the great Aztec and Inca empires? The spanish conquered the great Aztec and Inca empires by bringing diseases to kill most of them off quickly, scaring them with the horses, and using their more advanced superior weapons to kill them.

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs quizlet?

Why were the Spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords.

Would the Aztecs have defeated the Spanish?

It would never have happend. The aztec Empire was doomed to be destroyed and the land colonized.

What weakness in the Aztec Empire did the Spanish take advantage of when they invaded Mexico?

What weakness in the Aztec Empire did the Spanish take advantage of when they invaded Mexico? Most of the conquered people never thought of themselves as true Aztecs. They wanted their freedom and resented paying tribute. These feelings led to a lack of unity in the Aztec Empire.

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How did the Aztecs fight?

Battle. When the attacking and defending forces sighted each other, the first weapons used were projected weapons—atlatls or dart throwers, slings, spears and bow and arrows. When the armies closed into melee, razor-sharp obsidian clubs, swords and daggers were used.

What caused the Aztecs to fall?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE. Tenochtitlan was sacked and its monuments destroyed.

Which factors facilitated the downfall of the Aztecs?

Disease was a very important factor that led to the fall of the Aztec Empire. The Spanish brought many deadly diseases when they arrived in Mexico. The diseases, like smallpox, caused many Aztec die. The diseases also weakened many people which gave the Spanish an advantage while fighting.

Which of the following was the most important factor enabling the Spanish to defeat the Aztec Empire?

Which of the following was the most important factor enabling the Spanish to defeat the Aztec Empire? The Spanish were able to form military alliances with other indigenous peoples who were enemies of the Aztecs.