Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztecs?
The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.
What were three reasons why the Spanish defeated the Aztecs?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
What factors helped the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs?
The Spanish colonizers defeated the Aztec Empire through more advanced weaponry, the introduction of European diseases, and creating alliances with smaller indigenous tribes in the region who had been resentfully living under the forced rule of the Aztec Empire.
What were the main causes of the Aztec defeat?
The Aztec had no immunity to European diseases. Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish. The disease devastated the Aztec people, greatly reducing their population and killing an estimated half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants.
Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs quizlet?
Why were the Spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords.
Would the Aztecs have defeated the Spanish?
It would never have happend. The aztec Empire was doomed to be destroyed and the land colonized.
What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec quizlet?
What factors helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec? Superior weapons, aid of some groups of natives, European diseases that killed many natives who had no immunity to them.
How were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztec with such a small force?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
What were the reasons for Spanish success?
What Were the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Spanish Victory Over the Aztecs & Incas?
- Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. …
- Alliances and Experience. …
- The Power of Horses. …
- Deadly Disease.
How were the Spanish able to conquer the Americas?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …