A second characteristic of colonial New Spain was that conquest and exploitation made use of existing indigenous social structures. Spanish colonial efforts succeeded in areas with densely populated Indian towns and cities, such as those of the Triple Alliance and the Rio Grande Valley pueblos.
What was New Spain known for?
New Spain’s port of Acapulco became the New World terminus of the transpacific trade with the Philippines via the Manila galleon. The New Spain became a vital link between Spain’s New World empire and its East Indies empire.
What were the characteristics of the Spanish colonies?
Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own. Settlers were restricted to Catholics; Protestants were persecuted and driven out. Largely a trading economy; some farm- ing in the West.
What was society like in New Spain?
Over time, members of New Spanish society formed new ethnic identities as Spaniards intermarried with Native Americans and Africans. A subtle castelike system developed, with peninsulares (natives of Spain) at the top of the social hierarchy.
What did New Spain include?
At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida , and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea). (It also included the Philippines, off the coast of southeast Asia.)
Why was Spain successful in the New World?
Spain encouraged settlements in the New World to strengthen her claims to territory; to secure gold, silver, and valuable agricultural produce, such as sugar and indigo (a blue dye); and to convert the Indians to Catholicism.
What did the Spanish bring to the New World?
New foods reshaped the diets of people in both hemispheres. Tomatoes, chocolate, potatoes, corn, green beans, peanuts, vanilla, pineapple, and turkey transformed the European diet, while Europeans introduced sugar, cattle, pigs, cloves, ginger, cardamon, and almonds to the Americas.
Which characteristic of the Spanish Empire in the New World are viceroys represented the king?
From the very beginning, the viceroys of New Spain and Peru were presidents of those audiencias based in the cities where they had their court. This meant that the viceroy could represent the monarch by providing both justice and good government to his subjects.
What was a notable characteristic of 16th century Spanish America?
What were notable features of 16th century Spanish America? Indians were compelled to work, either as slaves or as wage laborers, in gold and silver mines or on large haciendas. A blending of Indian and Spanish culture gradually took root.
What did the Spanish do to the natives?
1. What did the Spanish do to the Natives? They enslaved them and took their food.
Terms in this set (4)
- peninsulares. 1st in social class, wealthy and had roles in government.
- creoles. 2nd in social class, wealthy and highly educated, could not take part in some jobs.
- mestizos. 3rd in social class, mixed Spanish and Indian background, worked in minor jobs.
- Native Americans.
What was New Spain quizlet?
North America, South America, and the Caribbean. This term compares them to the Old World of Europe, Africa, and Asia. One of four Spanish colonies in the New World. It was ruled by a viceroy (an official chosen by the king) from Mexico.
Who dominated New Spain?
The first viceroy in New Spain was Antonio de Mendoza, who ruled from 1535 to 1549, then served as viceroy of Peru, where he died after one year in office. In New Spain, he dispatched Francisco Coronado on his expedition northward while ameliorating some of the worst abuses of the conquistadores.
What is New Spain called now?
New Spain was the name that the Spanish gave to the area that today is central and southern Mexico, and since the capital city of the Viceroyalty was in Mexico City, the name was also used for the viceroyalty.
What is the history of New Spain?
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España), was the political unit of Spanish territories in North America and Asia-Pacific. … It was ruled by a viceroy from Mexico City who governed on behalf of the King of Spain. The Viceroyalty of New Spain lasted from 1535 to 1821.
How was New Spain built?
The Viceroyalty of New Spain was a royal territory in the Spanish Empire formed soon after the invasion and conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Even though it was not formally founded until 1535, the Spanish Crown set its administrative bedrock the year after the fall of Mexico-Tenochtitlán.