Who were Spain’s major explorers?
- Hernán Cortés (1485 – 1547) …
- Francisco Pizarro (1478 – 1541) …
- Juan Sebastián Elcano (1476 – 1526) …
- Juan Ponce de León (1460 – 1521) …
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1475 – 1519) …
- Francisco de Orellana (1511 – 1546) …
- Diego de Almagro (1475 – 1538) …
- Hernando de Soto (1500 – 1542)
Who were the Spanish explorers and what did they explore?
Spanish Explorers After Columbus
Juan Ponce de León explored the coasts of Florida in 1513. Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in the same year.
Who was the Spain Explorer?
Juan Ponce de León, (born 1460?, Santervás de Campos, Valladolid, León [Spain]—died 1521, Havana, Cuba), Spanish explorer who founded the first European settlement on Puerto Rico and who is credited with being the first European to reach Florida (1513).
What were Spanish explorers called?
conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”) plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.
Who was the last Spanish explorer?
He was banished from New Mexico for life and exiled from Mexico City for 5 years. Eventually Oñate went to Spain, where the king appointed him head of all mining inspectors in Spain. He died in Spain in 1626. He is sometimes referred to as “the Last Conquistador.”
Who was the first Spanish explorer in the New World?
Juan Ponce de Leon was the first Spaniard to touch the shores of the present United States. As Columbus had not remotely realized the extent of his momentous discovery, de Leon never dreamed that his “island” of Florida was a peninsular extension of the vast North American Continent.
What were Spanish explorers looking for?
HERNANDO DE SOTO explored the southeast region of North America for Spain, searching for gold, a suitable site for a colony, and an overland route from Mexico to the Atlantic.
Where did Spanish first explore?
Juan Ponce de León was the first Spanish explorer to arrive in Florida. Early Spanish explorers were known as conquistadors (kahn-KEYS-ta-dawrz) or “conquerors.” While there are no official records, historians believe that Ponce de León was born in 1460 in San Tervas de Campos, Spain.
Who are two Spanish explorers?
Famous Spanish explorers
- Hernán Cortés (1485 – 1547)
- Fransisco Pizarro (1478 – 1541)
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1475 – 1519)
- Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1490 – 1559)
- Juan Ponce de León (1460 – 1521)
- Hernando de Soto (1497 – 1542)
What were the major accomplishments of Spain’s exploration?
Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain in 1513, and Hernando de Soto led a Spanish exploration of the southeastern United States in 1539, discovering the Mississippi River. In 1565, Spain established the first successful European settlement in North America—a fortress in St. Augustine, Florida.
Who is the most famous explorer?
10 Famous Explorers Whose Discoveries Changed the World
- Marco Polo. Photo: Leemage/UIG via Getty Images.
- Christopher Columbus. Photo: DeAgostini/Getty Images.
- Amerigo Vespucci. Photo: Austrian National Library.
- John Cabot. Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images.
- Ferdinand Magellan. …
- Hernan Cortes. …
- Francis Drake. …
- Walter Raleigh.