The Cortes is the most powerful governmental institution of the state. It is made up of a lower house, the Congress of Deputies, and an upper chamber, the Senate. … It is also the body that is responsible, if necessary, for accusing the prime minister or his ministers of treason or of crimes against the state.
What is a Spanish Cortes?
Cortes, Spanish and Portuguese courts, Catalan Corts, a representative assembly, or parliament, of the medieval Iberian kingdoms and, in modern times, the national legislature of Spain and of Portugal. … The king convened the Cortes’ meetings when and where he pleased.
What is the main function of Cortes?
The main function of the Cortes was the development and adoption of laws, but under its subsequent sanction reserved to the Head of State (Franco himself). To identify itself as a continuation of the Spanish parliamentary tradition, the Cortes was seated at the Palace of the Cortes, Madrid.
What is representation of the Philippines in the Spanish Cortes?
The Philippines was represented by two Spanish mestizos, a Brigadier Garcia Gamba and Señor Juan Francisco Licaros. Strangely enough, during that Cortés a law which had been secretly discussed took effect on 12 April, disallowing overseas delegates to take their seats, even if they were already in Spain.
Who is the first Filipino representative of Spanish Cortes?
3 Reyes was the first Philippine representative who genuinely had the opportunity to defend the interests of the archipelago in a parliament that brought together representatives from all of the territories then comprising the Spanish empire.
What did the Spanish conquistadors do?
During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, colonizing and exploiting territory and opening trade routes. They brought colonialism to much of the world for Spain and Portugal in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.
Why did King Ferdinand abolish the Cortes?
On 4 May he ordered its abolition and on 10 May had the liberal leaders responsible for the Constitution arrested. Ferdinand justified his actions by claiming that the Constitution had been made by a Cortes illegally assembled in his absence, without his consent and without the traditional form.
How does the Spanish Government work?
The form of government in Spain is a parliamentary monarchy, that is, a social representative democratic constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is the head of state, while the prime minister—whose official title is “President of the Government”—is the head of government.
Can you explain why Spain took away Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes?
The representation of the overseas colonies in the Spanish Cortes was abolished in 1837, since then Philippine conditions worsened. … Strangely enough, the spanish authorities who cherished these human rights or constitutional liberties in Spain denied them to the Filipinos in Asia. 5.
What type of Government is Spain?
The effects of colonization on the native populations in the New World were mistreatment of the natives, harsh labor for them, and new ideas about religion for the spaniards. One negative effect of colonization was the colonizers mistreating the natives.
What is the significance of the Cádiz connection to the Spanish rule in the Philippines?
Ambassador Salinas referred to the Cadiz Constitution as the very first constitution, which governed the Philippines and which up to today has strongly influenced the Philippines´ sociocultural and political traditions.
What was the contribution of Augustinians when they arrived in the Philippines?
He is considered to be the first ambassador of the Philippines to China during colonial times. Before the Philippine Revolution of 1896, the Augustinians administered over four hundred schools and churches in the islands scattered across the archipelago.
How did Spanish treat the Philippines?
The Spanish accomplished little in the Philippines. They introduced Catholicism, established a Walled City in Manila but ultimately they were disappointed because they couldn’t find spices or gold (gold was only discovered in large quantities after the Americans arrived).
What is the famous case of Spanish maladministration of justice?
A specific instance of Spanish maladministration of justice was the infamous case of Juan de la Cruz in 1886-1898. On the night of June 7,1886, two men were brutally killed in their sleep at the waterfront of cavite.
How was the Philippines ruled during the Spanish regime?
The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. … The United States established the Insular Government to rule the Philippines.