With the death of Franco on 20 November 1975, Juan Carlos became the King of Spain. He initiated the country’s subsequent transition to democracy, ending with Spain becoming a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament and autonomous devolved governments.
What type of government did Spain have after the Spanish Civil War?
In 1931, Spanish King Alfonso XIII approved elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor of a liberal republic.
What type of government did Spain have in the 1930s?
The Spanish Republic (Spanish: República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Spanish: Segunda República Española), was the form of government in Spain from 1931 to 1939.
What type of government did the Spanish empire have?
The politics of Spain takes place under the framework established by the Constitution of 1978. Spain is established as a social and democratic sovereign country wherein the national sovereignty is vested in the people, from which the powers of the state emanate.
What did Franco do to Spain?
Francisco Franco was a general and the leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39); thereafter he was the head of the government of Spain until 1973 and the head of state until his death in 1975.
How did Franco gain power in Spain?
He rose to power during the bloody Spanish Civil War when, with the help of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, his Nationalist forces overthrew the democratically elected Second Republic.
Which beliefs did Franco promote?
Francisco Franco (December 4, 1892 – November 20, 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a dictator for 36 years from 1939 until his death. As a conservative and a monarchist, he opposed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic in 1931.
What happened in Spain in 1930s?
Gen. Francisco Franco’s military coup against the democratically elected Popular Front government in Spain took place 75 years ago this summer. It was the event that marked the beginning of a nearly three-year civil war against Franco’s fascist forces.
How did Spain became a democracy?
According to scholars, the democratization process began after the death of the dictator Francisco Franco, in November 1975. Historians disagree on the exact date the transition was completed: some say it ended after the 1977 general election, while others place it later, when the 1978 Constitution was approved.
How were Spanish colonies governed?
Conquistadores, soldiers, and mission- aries were the primary Spanish coloniz- ers; farmers and traders came later. Colonies were governed by crown- appointed viceroys or governors. Settlers had to obey the king’s laws and could make none of their own.
What type of government did Spain have in the 1700s?
History of Spain (1700–1810)
|Kingdom of Spain Reino de España|
|• 1700–1724 (first)||Philip V|
How did Spain establish a new colonial government in the Americas?
How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. … A council that met in Spain and made sure the viceroy never became too powerful. They made the laws for the provinces.
When did Franco restore the monarchy?
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 re-established a constitutional monarchy as the form of government for Spain after the end of the Francoist regime and the restoration of democracy in 1977.
Who succeeded Franco?
Franco died in 1975, aged 82 and was entombed in the Valle de los Caídos. He restored the monarchy in his final years, being succeeded by Juan Carlos as King of Spain, who led the Spanish transition to democracy.
How is Spain’s government different from the United States how is it similar?
Spain is ruled by a king while the U.S. is governed by a president. … The Government of Spain is a Constitutional Monarchy while the U.S. has a republic form of government. The U.S classifies their institutions as either maximum, medium, or minimum.