In 1535, Charles V of Spain appointed Don Antonio de Mendoza as the first Viceroy of New Spain, an aristocrat loyal to the crown, rather than the conqueror Hernán Cortés, who had embarked on the expedition of conquest and distributed spoils of the conquest without crown approval.
What was the title of the leader of New Spain?
Viceroy (virrey) was the title given to the principal governors of Spain’s American colonies, as well as to the governors of the “kingdoms” (reinos) of peninsular Spain proper (e.g., Aragon, Valencia).
Who are the four main groups in New Spain?
Well, an ethnic group is a community or group made up of people who share a common history, distinctive culture, and language. Spain, the third-largest country in Europe, has a majority of its 43,484,000 citizens belonging to four major ethnic groups: Basque, Galician, Castilian, and Catalan.
Who became the first governor of New Spain?
A Spanish conquistador, Juan de Onate y Salazar established the colony of New Mexico for Spain and became New Mexico’s first governor. Born about 1550, probably in Zacatecas, Mexico, his parents were Spanish-Basque colonists and silver mine owners.
Who led colonization for Spain?
Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.
What is New Spain called now?
New Spain was the name that the Spanish gave to the area that today is central and southern Mexico, and since the capital city of the Viceroyalty was in Mexico City, the name was also used for the viceroyalty.
Who helped the Spaniards build their new cities and structures?
In New Spain, the order of the Franciscans (an order of mendicant friars, or monks who take an oath of poverty) landed first (in 1523 and 1524), establishing centers for conversion and schools for indigenous youths in the areas surrounding Mexico City.
Who founded New Spain?
After the 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire, conqueror Hernán Cortés named the territory New Spain, and established the new capital of Mexico City on the site of the Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire.
Who were the Basques in Spain?
Basque, Spanish Vasco, or Vascongado, Basque Euskaldunak, or Euskotarak, member of a people who live in both Spain and France in areas bordering the Bay of Biscay and encompassing the western foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains.
What was New Spain quizlet?
North America, South America, and the Caribbean. This term compares them to the Old World of Europe, Africa, and Asia. One of four Spanish colonies in the New World. It was ruled by a viceroy (an official chosen by the king) from Mexico.
Who was the Aztec leader that Hernán Cortés defeated?
Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, within modern Mexico City), ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés.
Who invaded Havana in 1763?
The siege of Havana was a successful British siege against Spanish-ruled Havana that lasted from March to August 1762, as part of the Seven Years’ War.
Siege of Havana.
|Date||6 June – 13 August 1762|
|Result||British victory Havana occupied by the British until the Treaty of Paris|
Who won the Spanish American War and when was it fought?
|Date||April 21 – August 13, 1898 (3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)|
|Location||Cuba and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Sea) Philippines and Guam (Asia-Pacific)|
|Result||American victory Treaty of Paris of 1898 Founding of the First Philippine Republic and beginning of the Philippine–American War|
Who ruled the Spanish Empire?
The structure of the empire was further defined under the Spanish Habsburgs (1516–1700), and under the Spanish Bourbon monarchs the empire was brought under greater crown control and increased its revenues from the Indies.
|Spanish Empire Imperio español (Spanish)|
What did Spain bring to the New World?
3 Crops and Livestock
Crops the conquistadors brought include sugarcane, rice and wheat. When Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519, he had 16 horses. … Other animals the Spaniards introduced included pigs, goats, sheep, chickens, cats, cattle, donkeys, bees and new dog species.
Why did the Spanish go to the Americas?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.